Air Samarkand (9S, Samarkand) obtained its Air Operator's Certificate (AOC) from the Uzbek Civil Aviation Agency (UzCAA) on December 27, 2023.

The start-up has so far taken a single A330-300, UK33001 (msn 1177), which operated a proving flight from Samarkand to Tashkent International and return on December 28, 2023. It has yet to announce a launch date for commercial operations. According to its website, Air Samarkand aims to operate a scheduled passenger network out of Samarkand, covering Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. It also plans to take an A321-200 (msn 5936) and an A321-200N (msn 7746) shortly.

The start-up did not respond to ch-aviation's request for comment. It plans to operate a "hybrid business model" focused on developing inbound tourism to Samarkand.